Urdu is among the most widely spoken languages within the Indian subcontinent. Other than that, communities everywhere in the world speak it. In total nearly four million individuals, speak the Urdu language.
A number of factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most essential of all the factors are given below.
1. Development of Urdu by speaking
The Urdu language was developed among the many soldiers of the British Military who belonged to completely different nations. The word ‘Urdu’ itself means’Army’.To communicate with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
Nevertheless, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In these instances, speaking Urdu turned one of many trendiest things. Soon the Hindu inhabitants too started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
2. Development of Urdu by poetry
The Royals of the Indian subcontinent have been very interested within the poetry. Amir Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13th century. It was an enormous success. However, for another century no one prominent dared to experiment in Urdu poetry. Within the 18th and nineteenth century, poets gave a serious enhance to the Urdu poetry. The royals too appreciated it in each way. They used to hold Mushairas of their courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Other than that, they used to bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
3. Development of Urdu by means of prose
Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu brief story or novel did not change into a trend. The key reason is that the Royals were never interested in the reading. Nevertheless, after the decline of Mughals and within the era of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the novel grew to become a huge success. Even immediately the novel is popular and in demand. The truth is, Deputy Nazir Ahmed might be called the first and probably the most prestigious institution of the Urdu novel.
4. Development of Urdu via journalism
The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. Nevertheless, as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In truth, when the atrocities of the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. In order that they started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the current affairs and political satires.
Those magazines additionally had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be launched among the many Muslims and the Hindus both. It’s wantless to say that even the starting of the Urdu journalism contributed so much to the mental awakening of the individuals of the subcontinent.
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